Pouvoir, musique et chamanisme. La Chine des marges vue par deux ethnologues

Le Comptoir des Presses, 86 rue Claude Bernard, 75005 Paris, organise le jeudi 27 juin à 19H, une rencontre à l’occasion de la parution de :

Versets chamaniques de Aurélie Névot

Le pouvoir en chantant, II, de Sabine Trebinjac

(Publications de la Société d’ethnologie, Nanterre)

Avec Aurélie Névot & Sabine Trebinjac

Présentation : Anne de Sales


Aurélie Névot

Aurélie Névot is a social anthropologist at the CNRS (CR1). Since 1998 she has been focusing her research in China on the Yunnan Province where she is studying the religion of the Nipa (the Sani branch of the Yi nationality). This involves a form of shamanism that is based on the use of a secret writing reserved exclusively for shamans called bimo, or Masters of Psalmodia. This literate shamanism, which is only effective through the voicing of ritual texts, leads us to rethink the relationship between orality and writing. Apart from the writing process, A. Névot is interested in the “ritual machinery” (bloody sacrifices) of this literate shamanism and she highlights the idea that the ontology of the Nipa is a “trans-substantial” one. She is also developing an anthropology of transmission (master-disciple relationship, transmission between shamans and between mediums). Another aspect of her research concerns the interplay between religion and politics – the Chinese State has engaged in a process of standardising rituals and of secularising shamanic writing –, as well as the inculturation and acculturation phenomena introduced by Christianity – Catholicism has been established locally since the 19th century. The recent institutionalisation of literate shamanism prompts notably A. Névot to question the process of patrimonialisation as implemented in China since 2003 and monitored by UNESCO. A new research has emerged since the World Expo Shanghai 2010: by analyzing the national Pavilion, she is highlighting that this building is a ritual device which shows the new cosmological orientation of China regarding the international constellation. It imbricates and re-elaborates Chinese representations in order to edify a new era where China rules the world, i.e. it insures the universal Harmony.
Key words: acculturation – bimo – bloody sacrifice – body – China – Chinese pavilion – Christianity – ethnopolitics – gouvernance – inculturation – ontology – patrimonialisation – shamanism – secret writing – Shanghai – transmission – trans-substantiation – Yi – Yunnan – World Expo
Fieldwork: China – Yunnan – Shanghai

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